A program that replicates itself and clogs computers and networks?
Worms. A worm is a small piece of software that uses computer networks and security holes to replicate itself. A copy of the worm scans the network for another machine that has a specific security hole. It copies itself to the new machine using the security hole, and then starts replicating from there, as well.
What is a program that migrate through networks and operating systems?
viruses. programs that migrate through networks and operating systems, and most attach themselves to different program and databases.
What are programs used to secretly record an individual activities on the internet called?
Spyware is one of the most common threats to internet users. Once installed, it monitors internet activity, tracks login credentials and spies on sensitive information. The primary goal of spyware is usually to obtain credit card numbers, banking information and passwords.
What is the security buffer between a server and the internet called?
DMZs function as a buffer zone between the public internet and the private network. The DMZ subnet is deployed between two firewalls. All inbound network packets are then screened using a firewall or other security appliance before they arrive at the servers hosted in the DMZ.
Are malicious programs that come into a computer system?
What is Malware? Malware is a catch-all term for various malicious software, including viruses, adware, spyware, browser hijacking software, and fake security software. Once installed on your computer, these programs can seriously affect your privacy and your computer's security.
Which operating system is used for computer networking?
Some examples of Network O.S. are Novel Netware, Microsoft Windows server (2000, 2003, 2008), Unix, Linux, etc. There are mainly two types of Network O.S., they are: Peer-to-Peer. Client-Server.
What type of operating system provides services across the network?
A server operating system (server OS) runs on a server in a client-server architecture and provides multiple services to client machines within the network. It forms the software backbone to run various programs and applications.
What is a software secretly installed on networked computers that tracks and transmits personal data without your knowledge?
Spyware is a type of program that is installed with—or without—your permission on your personal computers to collect information about users; their computer or browsing habits; and tracks each and every thing you do on your computer without your knowledge with the capability to send that information to a remote user.
Which type of malicious software is a stand alone program that propagates from one computer to another?
A computer worm is a subset of the Trojan horse malware that can propagate or self-replicate from one computer to another without human activation after breaching a system. Typically, a worm spreads across a network through your Internet or LAN (Local Area Network) connection.
Is a utility program that detects and protects a personal computer and its data from unauthorized access?
Windows firewall can be describe as a utility which detects and provides protection against the unauthorized intrusion or access by providing a user password authentication Windows Firewall act as most powerful instrument for the protection of the personal computer.
What serves as a security device between a computer and internet sites?
A Firewall is a network security device that monitors and filters incoming and outgoing network traffic based on an organization's previously established security policies. At its most basic, a firewall is essentially the barrier that sits between a private internal network and the public Internet.
Which access control model is used by network hardware such as routers?
Rule-Based Access Control: the Network Security Model
Under rule-based access controls, access is determined based on rules set by an administrator. Rule-based access controls are typically used by routers and firewalls to guard against unwanted network traffic.
What kind of network tool is also known as a sniffer choose the best response?
A network or protocol analyzer, also known as a packet sniffer, or just plain sniffer,1 is a tool that can intercept traffic on a network, commonly referred to as sniffing.
What do you call that program that harms the computer?
Malware, or malicious software, is any program or file that is intentionally harmful to a computer, network or server. Types of malware include computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware and spyware.
Which type of security threat can be described as software that attaches itself to another program to execute a specific unwanted function?
A virus is malware that attaches to another program and, when executed—usually inadvertently by the user—replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and infecting them with its own bits of code. Worms are a type of malware similar to viruses. Like viruses, worms are self-replicating.
What type of malware is designed to disrupt or damage computer systems or networks?
Malware, short for malicious software, refers to any intrusive software developed by cybercriminals (often called hackers) to steal data and damage or destroy computers and computer systems. Examples of common malware include viruses, worms, Trojan viruses, spyware, adware, and ransomware.
What are the two types of Network Operating System?
Types of Network Operating Systems. Network operating systems are of two types: Peer-to-peer Network Operating System. Client Server Network Operating System.
What are the three popular network operating systems?
The Network Operating System. The NOS is the brain of the server; without it, it's just a computer. It offers applications and utilities that do business faster and better. There are only a few popular choices – Novell, UNIX, Linux, and Windows.
What enables your computer to connect to other computers?
Answer. This is the correct option as the network card, which is a hardware device, is the most essential that enables the computer to get connected to other computers through the internet.
What is a program associated with a device that works with the operating system to allow communication between the device and the rest of the computer
Device Driver in computing refers to a special kind of software program or a specific type of software application that controls a specific hardware device that enables different hardware devices to communicate with the computer's Operating System.
Which part of the operating system enables you to interact with the device?
An operating system uses a graphic user interface (GUI), a combination of graphics and text, that allows you to interact with the computer or device. Every computer or smart device needs at least one operating system to run applications and perform tasks.
Which part of operating system gives access of various services offered by the operating system to the user?
The application programs make use of the operating system by making requests for services through a defined application program interface (API). In addition, users can interact directly with the operating system through a user interface, such as a command-line interface (CLI) or a graphical UI (GUI).
What type of software secretly collects data from and provides access to the host or network?
Spyware. Spyware collects information about users' activities without their knowledge or consent. This can include passwords, pins, payment information and unstructured messages. The use of spyware is not limited to the desktop browser: it can also operate in a critical app or on a mobile phone.
What do we call software that is secretly installed into an information system to gather information on individuals or organizations without their knowledge?
Definitions: Software that is secretly or surreptitiously installed into an information system to gather information on individuals or organizations without their knowledge; a type of malicious code.
What type of software can be unknowingly loaded onto a computer through the Internet and can cause mild to very serious issues with a computer?
Malware is one of the biggest threats to the security of your computer, tablet, phone, and other devices. Malware includes viruses, spyware, ransomware, and other unwanted software that gets secretly installed onto your device.